On the edge of the Himalayas in Himachal Pradesh lies the spiritual retreat of Dharamshala. A safe haven for His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama, the Tibetan government in exile and Tibetan refugees; It definitely has a great mix of cultures and character.
Before I got to Dharamshala (or Dharamsala either one) I didn’t realise that where I actually wanted to be was Mcleodganj. This is the tourist district and is where everyone flocks to get an audience with the Dalai Lama and hear his teachings on life. So, when we landed on the night bus from Rishikesh, we got a cheap sharing jeep up the hill for 15 rupees.
Mcleodganj has everything you need as a base. Hotels, Restaurants, cafés, classes and the Dalai Lama complex. It’s relatively cheap and although there’s lots of traffic, it’s peaceful.
A lot of travellers stay here for months at a time to study philosophies and meditate so if you were planning to do this, you can easily source cheap apartments for rent.
Here’s what you can get up to in and around Mcleodganj.
1. Learn about life from his holiness the 14th Dalai Lama
His Holiness, the 14th Dalai Lama and leader of the Tibetan people, was forced into exile here after China took over Tibet. He made his way over to India in 1959 after there were threats made on his life. The Indian government agreed to provide asylum and he chose Mussoorie as his first home.
In 1960, the Dalai Lama met the Indian prime minister to discuss a refuge for the people of Tibet. After discussing rehabilitation for the Tibetan people he, and the exiled Tibetan government, made their way to Dharamsala. This is where he decided to set up his temple and residence.
Today, you can learn from the Dalai Lama and his philosophies on life. When I arrived, the Dalai Lama wasn’t in town, in fact he was in Botswana. It’s best to check his schedule on the official website before you arrive to make sure.
For more information about what the experience is like, you can see this awesome article by the Hippie in Heels!
2. Explore the Dalai Lama complex
You should definitely visit this complex if you want to see Buddhist monks in their practice. The complex includes a great museum around the atrocities faced by the Tibetan people since the Chinese occupation and some beautiful Buddhist temples.
It’s strictly silent within the temples and around so remember to keep quiet! You’ll see Buddhist monks praying, meditating and studying. When the Dalai Lama is in town, this temple packs out! Also, it’s strictly no photography within the main temple halls.
3. Learn about why the Tibetan people have made a home here at the museum
There is a great museum inside the Dalai Lama complex which really highlights the atrocities faced by the Tibetan people since the Chinese occupation. The Tibetan culture is trying to be forced out and they aren’t safe in their own country.
You’ll find stories of temples being destroyed, people being punished for hanging a portrait of the Dalai Lama in their houses and even for speaking and teaching in their own language!
Since the occupation, hundreds even thousands of Tibetan people have made the dangerous journey from Tibet into India. Risking their lives for a chance of safety and a better life.
So far, 148 people have self-immolised and set themselves on fire in the name of Freedom for Tibet. Prominent politicians are calling out for change. It was heartbreaking to read. I honestly had no idea about it before I visited.
This is a must if you’re visiting Mcleodganj and will give you a better understanding of why the Dalai Lama, the Tibetan government in exile and their people have made a safe place here.
You’ll see portraits of his holiness everywhere and it’s great to see Tibetan refugees running successful businesses away from danger. But, some aren’t so lucky.
To read more and take action see the official International Campaign for Tibet site.
4. Visit the Bhagsunag temple and falls
You can take an easy 2km panoramic walk from the main Mcleodganj area and reach a little place called Bhagsunag. Here, you can see a beautiful natural waterfall which cascades through the foothills of the Himalayas!
It is a little bit of a maze to get to through the endless gift stalls but when you reach the viewpoint of the falls, you’ll simply fall in love with the beauty of it.
You can either admire it from the bottom or make the steep climb up the hill for a great view at the top! Here, the you can swim in the cool natural waters. As I was visiting in monsoon and rainfall was constant around 90% of the day, the falls were very strong and misty!
After I took the photo below, my hair, clothes and everything was soaked – even though I didn’t jump in the springs! So, make sure you waterproof your electronics.
Found this awesome little art installation at the ‘No Name Café’
5. Escape to Dharamkot
If you’re finding Mcleodganj a little too congested, then there’s a great peaceful place above it called Dharamkot. As this is higher up, it gives you a better view of the mountains.
Personally, I expected a lot more from it. It may have been due to the monsoon and I didn’t get the amazing snow capped mountain views. But, I just found there were too many shops, guesthouses and cafés which shrouded the view from the main path! I guess I needed to trek a little further afield. I also heard from other backpackers that the food was more expensive than Mcleodganj – but I guess you’re paying for the views..
It is definitely worth checking out! It is a pretty steep climb up the hill. You can walk or if you’re feeling lazy it’s 150 rupees for a taxi from the main stand in Mcleodganj.
6. Try Thukpa and Momos
I have definitely been initiated into the Thukpa and Momos club! I was obsessed the first day I got there with Thukpa. It’s so tasty.
Thukpa literally translates as ‘long noodles’ and the dish is made up of noodles in a broth with vegetables. Although it doesn’t sound too interesting, it was to die for!
As I had been eating curries and naan bread for a few weeks before, I was more than happy to change my daily diet to Thukpa. It was also a great dish to warm up from the monsoon rains. It was cheap at around 120 rupees a bowl.
Momos are steamed dumplings with meat or veg filling inside. They’re also super cheap and so filling. Although you can get them in restaurants like Greens hotel for around 150 rupees for 8 pieces, on the street is tastier!
A few great places to sample Tibetan food is the Tibetan Kitchen, Aroma Café, Tibetan Yak Restaurant and the Himalayan flavours stall by the Bhagsu falls!
7. Apples, apples and more apples!
The thing I love about Himachal Pradesh are the apples that grow here and all the yummy apple produce! Fresh apple juice, apple beer, apple cider, apple wine and pie are all things that I loved to indulge in while I was here.
You’ll see apples growing everywhere and, when they’re ripe, are totally delicious! Make sure you try.
Apple pie and coffee at Nick’s Italian Kitchen!
8. Study, meditate, heal and learn
Most people that visit here come to study different philosophies, get an introduction in to Buddhism, go to yoga classes or a take part in a silent 10 day meditation retreat. It must be so cool and something I was considering. I wonder what someone’s first word would be after 10 whole days of not talking?! At the moment mine would be ‘bring me the Thukpa!’
You’ll find most tourists will rent an apartment for a month or few. I was visiting in the off season and so apartments which were vacant were pretty much next to nothing at 600 rupees a night. These came with a bed, hot water, wifi, a kitchen and some basic wardrobes and draws. It was open plan but quaint.
It was a nice treat to cook in a kitchen after being on the road. It’s the little things..
9. Take a walk
Although the busy traffic in Mcleodganj is enough to unsettle your zen if you’ve been meditating, if you take a short walk out of the centre you’ll be greeted with amazing views of the mountains and forests.
I absolutely loved exploring the foothills, the tall trees and just getting some fresh air while I was in Dharamshala. From here, you can go on organised treks. In the monsoon season, I’m not sure I would recommend it as the flat ground was already pretty dodgy due to the rainfall and mud!
On our trails we found this incredible chai stall hidden in the woodland between Mcleodganj and Bhagsu. It did the most tasty chai with an incredible view!
The weather here was so changeable in monsoon! One minute it was clear, the next covered in mist – at least I met a furry friend to keep my company 😛
Due to the Tibetan culture in and around Dharamshala, it brought the most delightful souvenirs to buy. Tibetan shawls, buddhas, masks, flags and jewellery were all here and were super cheap!
The best stalls are the ones which lead up to the Dalai Lama Complex. I was like a magpie, constantly looking at all the shiny gems, jewels and gold statues! I just wanted to take it all home with me.
So that’s some kick ass things to do in Dharamshala or Mcleodganj while you’re here. Personally, I plan to come back in winter time so I can see the amazing views of the mountains.
Also, I want to return when the Dalai Lama is in town and take part in his teachings. It would be a life changing opportunity which I don’t plan to miss while I’m in India.
All you need is a little… ^^
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Have you been taught by the Dalai Lama? What did you learn? What are your favourite quotes by him? Comment below!