The Sunauli Border – Important Things to Know About Travelling from India to Nepal Overland

india nepal sonauli border

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If you’re backpacking on a budget and can’t afford to fly. Or, if you’re from India and don’t have a passport. Crossing overland from India to Nepal via an overland border is an easy option.

Although it does take a lot of your time (depending on where you’re heading from), it’s worth the long journey to save some much-needed dollar (or rupees should we say :P)!

I crossed over the Sunauli Border from India to Nepal and vice versa on my recent trip.

Although in general the process was meant to be quite simple, it really wasn’t plain sailing!

It was long, dreary, dodgy in parts (especially around the border) and a more than a little stressful.

So, hopefully, my account of things can give you some tips on what time to go, what to avoid and how to make the process a little simpler for you.

Here’s all you need to know about crossing over the Indo-Nepal Sunauli border!

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The Sunauli Border crossing

How to reach the Sunauli Border in India

Getting to the Sunauli Border can be quite a lengthy process from India. Most travellers choose to leave from Varanasi which is around a 10 hour bus journey from the Sunauli border.

When you get through the Nepal border, the main cities of Chitwan, Pokhara and Kathmandu in Nepal are a further 6/7 hours bus journey away (no trains run in Nepal) so it’s quite a long journey to take in one day!

I decided to get the new A/C Indo-Nepali ‘friendship’ bus which was a comfortable semi-sleeper Volvo.

It’s a direct bus that heads from Varanasi to Kathmandu via Sunauli Border and takes around 15 hours (supposedly).

In the end, it actually took around 30 hours which was horrendous, but, was a means to an end. If this is the route you’re planning to take, you can see how to book the bus and more about the journey in my article

‘Varanasi to Kathmandu: there is a direct bus!’

Update 2020: It seems that a private company called ‘Asian Shinas Tours and Travels’ has taken over this service starting from mid-February. I did not have any experience with this company. So, make sure to read reviews. This now runs at 10pm at night from Varanasi bus station. Also, if you’re trying to book too far ahead (let’s say 3 months) you won’t find any buses. You can only book these a few weeks ahead of travel plans. 

You can also get the train from Varanasi to Gorakhpur which runs daily.

From there get a local bus to the Sunauli Border, hop through the Nepal border immigration and then make your way to one of the main cities via the bus stand on the Nepal side (do not book tickets via the Indian side as you could get scammed!).

From Nepal, the easiest place to stay is Lumbini if you’re planning to head into India via the Sunauli Border.

You can check out the birthplace of Buddha and then make your way nice and early the following day. It’s around 30 km from the Sunauli border.

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What are the Sunauli Border opening times?

The Sunauli border is open 24 hours a day but only for people walking through.

So, if you were heading via local buses to the Sunauli border, you can walk through the Sunauli border into Nepal and then catch an onward bus from the bus stand on the Nepal side.

I’m not sure what buses will be running at that time at night, however. So, best to go during the day time to avoid getting stuck.

Vehicles have to make it to the Sunauli border by 9.45 pm to be allowed through.

Otherwise, you will have to wait until the Sunauli border opens early morning (around 6 am).

You can see the queue of truckers below who didn’t make it and were waiting until morning.

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This was the Sunauli Border when we were walking to the border around 9.30pm at night – super creepy!!

Some practical information about the Sunauli Border

In a word, the Sunauli Border is dodgy.

There is really nothing nice about the place at all. It had a weird vibe, especially at night and it felt like everyone was trying to scam you.

It literally is just a void of a town that acts as a throughway for people travelling through. So, I would try to spend a little time here as possible here.

Having been here both in the day and at night, the night is definitely the worst!

This is where scamming comes out three-fold, random guys approach you as you’re making your way through and it’s just plain creepy *shivers*.

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Here’s some tips to help you avoid scams at the Sunauli Border;

  • Bus travel: If you’re hoping to catch a bus onward into Nepal, do not book this until you’re passed the Sunauli border and are in Nepal. The Indian side is notorious for scams and selling ‘fake’ bus tickets.
  • Currency Conversions: Be prepared to pay out the nose for your currency to be converted here! You will need US dollars to pay for your Nepali VISA and the exchange rate for these is terrible here. I would try getting some before you reach.
  • Don’t accept any US dollars that are older than 2003, the Nepal border won’t accept them and these guys at the Indian side of the border will give definitely try to give you these.
  • Always have an exchange rate app on your phone and negotiate with these guys. I got Nepali rupees as the rate was better, but I did have to beg the border to let me through playing on the fact they made me change it ;)
  • Rickshaws: A lot of the rickshaw drivers at the Sunauli Border will tell you that there is flooding ahead and give a wealth of excuses as to why you need to get a rickshaw. It’s all not true and the between the Indian and Nepali immigration counters walk is less than a kilometre. The only reason why I got one on the way back was because the torrential monsoon rains hit and we would be wet through.
  • Hotels: Don’t stay overnight in Sunauli if you can avoid it! I read so much information on how the hotels are awful, the food will give you food poisoning and about intimidation on buying bus tickets and changing money. I personally would never stay here after having been here. If you do decide to stay (or have to!) don’t venture out at night.
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Visa requirements into Nepal

Always check the Nepal immigration site for requirements for your country. In 2020 the overland VISA costs were 15/30/90 day visas for $25/40/100.

You need US dollars to buy the Visa that is newer than 2003. You can pay by Nepali rupees but you will have to beg them as they don’t usually take them. I also had to pay a little extra but I had no choice.

You will also need a passport-sized photograph of you for your Visa form.

If you don’t have this a photocopy can be arranged on the Indian side.

It’s good to note that if you’re from India or a SAARC country, you do not need to go through immigration and can walk straight through.

My friend is Indian and when we went through the Sunauli border for my immigration into India, they stopped him and told him that his Indian ID card wasn’t proof of his citizenship only his nationality.

Personally, I think they were after some money but with a little ‘oh, we didn’t know’ etc. we got through.

My advice would be if you’re all Indian in your group to just head through. Don’t stop.

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Visa requirements for India

You cannot get an Indian Visa overland or on arrival into India.

You will need to apply for a tourist/business visa in advance of travel. These can be arranged in Nepal or at home before you go.

You will need to get a normal tourist Visa printed in your passport. You can check the Indian immigration website here for requirements.

You cannot get an e-Visa for overland travel into India.

Both on my way in and out of Sunauli Border Indian immigration, tourists were being advised by Kathmandu airport to head to the Sunauli Border with their e-Visa to get into India.

You cannot enter overland into India with an e-Visa. Don’t even try it, it will waste your time and money.

You have to enter into the airport that you stated on your e-Visa.

The reason for this is that the Sunauli border doesn’t have any technology to take finger prints and so they cannot stamp you into India without your biometrics.

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After our immigration into India via the Sunauli Border, the rains started pouring in and I had to walk through THAT! The cows didn’t seem to mind :P

Onward journey from the Sunauli Border into India or Nepal

Once you’re through to Nepal via the Sunauli Border, you can easily catch one of the many buses that are heading to where you want to go.

There will be buses headed out to Kathmandu, Pokhara, Chitwan and Lumbini, just ask on the Nepali side how to get there.

Do not book bus tickets on the Indian side, these will most likely be fake.

As I was on the direct bus from Varanasi to Kathmandu, when we got through the Sunauli border (by a hair as we were running late!) we just headed straight out to Kathmandu.

That took us an extra 18 hours to reach there. It was a hell of a journey. Next time, I would head to Chitwan as it’s not so far.

If you’re heading back into India via the Sunauli Border, you will need to get a local bus to Gorakhpur and then from Gorakhpur to Varanasi.

We were waiting/hoping for an air-conditioned bus into Varanasi and we were told it was going to arrive at any minute. But, we waited two hours then just decided to hop on a local bus.

The journey from the Sunauli border to Varanasi took around 12 hours. It was horrendous, the bus driver had a gun pulled on him and there was a fight on the bus, but we made it back safe!

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This rust bucket took us from Gorakpur 10 hours to Varanasi, I’m surprised it made it 

Is travelling overland via the Sunauli Border worth it?

In some ways travelling over the Sunauli border is worth it. It was cheaper than flying and it was a bit of an adventure, but I’m not sure if I would do it again.

From Lumbini, the journey was a lot shorter but we had a local bus which was bumpy, hot, dirty and pretty rough.

At one point our bus driver got into a fist fight with an angry driver with road rage! Totally scary.

Luckily, he was okay and seemed to just bounce back from getting punched 4 times in the head! But, I never got a local bus again after that. No way.

If the traffic is quiet, it should only take you 15 hours to get from Varanasi to Kathmandu via the Sunauli border, which is pretty good. So, it’s all about how much time and budget you have.

But above all else, the Sunauli Border was definitely an adventure. Which is why I will treasure it as a funny memoir for my books!

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Having a laugh with the security guys while waiting for the AC bus which will ‘come at any moment’ 

Read more of my Indian articles

How to spend one day in Delhi

My complete Varanasi travel guide

Safety tips for Varanasi

The ultimate Rajasthan itinerary

A first timers guide to Jaipur

Things to do in Amritsar

Photography guide for Jaipur

A complete guide for Manali

Exploring Leh Ladakh

One week Kerala Itinerary

North East India bucket list

Things to do in Dharamshala

Top tips for the Taj Mahal

My complete guide for Rishikesh

Things to do in Hampi

Read more posts on Nepal

The ULTIMATE Kathmandu bucket list

Garden of Dreams in Nepal

What to expect before visiting Pashupatinath Temple

Nepal bus guide

A complete guide to Pokhara

Why you need to visit Chitwan National Park

A complete guide for Lumbini

Taking an Everest Flight from Kathmandu

13 thoughts on “The Sunauli Border – Important Things to Know About Travelling from India to Nepal Overland

  1. Paddy says:

    Nice and helpful article! Every time I try to get information from www.redbus.in about the schedule for this route or try to book a ticket I get the message Oops! No buses found. I’ll keep trying but as of Feb 1, 2019 that’s an update you might like to have. Keep up teh good work!

    • Sophie Pearce says:

      Hey there, thanks so much! I’ve just checked the website and it does seem to work. I put in the onward date as the 3rd Feb 2019 – Varanasi – Kathmandu and it comes up okay! It departs at 10pm and arrives at Kathmandu at 7pm the next day. tickets costs 1257 rupees probably without GST. It may be the day you’re putting it in as they go every other day. So, the next one after the 3rd Feb is 5th Feb. What day are you looking to go? It maybe too far in advance i.e. like a month from now? Hopefully you find your bus :) Sophie x

    • Sophie Pearce says:

      Also, I’ve just checked the Kathmandu – Varanasi route and it comes up on the 4th Feb. Leaves at 7pm from Kathmandu and arrives at Varanasi 6pm the next day! Same price. I’m not sure if it does pick ups en route (i.e. at the Sunauli border). Hope this helps! Sophie x

      • Paddy says:

        Hi Sophie I think I’ve found out what the problem was: From trying many different dates, it seems that they only schedule the Varansi-Kathmandu bus on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays and allow bookings online for about 2 – 3 weeks ahead. So I can now see buses on those days up until up to February 26 but not after that. I was looking for dates in March.

        • Sophie Pearce says:

          Ahh, that’s really good to know! I’ll update my blog with that info :), hopefully soon you can finally book it! It doesn’t usually get too full as it’s a long ride but around festival times it may do. Have fun! Sophie x

  2. Gian says:

    Hi Sophie! Thank you for sharing your experience. Is the bus from Varanasi to Kathmandu that appears in https://www.redbus.in the government one? Because the website says “Asians Shina Tours And Travels” and it seems a private company…

    • Sophie Pearce says:

      Hi Gian, I’m looking myself and I’m shocked that I can’t see the one run by the government. I’ve also checked online to see the UPSRTC and they don’t seem to have the service. It seems as if the company has taken over the service as it’s the same price and goes at the same time as the Government service. I will do further research and come back to you to see if the Government service still runs. Thanks for letting me know, Sophie x

        • Sophie Pearce says:

          Hi Gian, still waiting on some responses but will let you know. It does look like this company have taken over the route so if you need to book the journey urgently I would go for it. But, can’t vouch for the bus being the same or the stops/service! Will keep you posted. Sophie x

  3. Shivam says:

    Hey there, I just want to know that is there any check-post in sunauli where they inspect our luggage before passing by.

    • Sophie Pearce says:

      Hi Shivam, thank you for the heads up! Do you know when they scan your luggage? Is it as you walk under the border or as you’re heading into Immigration? Please let me know and I’ll update the post. Thanks, Sophie x

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